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What is Greek breakfast?

If you’re planning a trip to Greece, you may wonder what kind of breakfast to expect. Traditional Greek breakfast is known for its simplicity and freshness, consisting of basic ingredients that are widely available throughout the country. Unlike the heavy breakfasts we may be used to in other countries, Greek breakfast is light yet filling and offers a taste of Greece’s unique culinary scene. In this article, we’ll explore what Greek breakfast typically includes and why it’s worth trying.

What makes up a Greek Breakfast?

Greek cuisine is famous all over the world for its variety of flavorful dishes and unique use of herbs and spices. Breakfast in Greece is no exception – it consists of a delicious spread of different foods that can vary depending on the region. Here’s a breakdown of the foods that make up a traditional Greek breakfast:

1. Bread and pastries

Like in many European countries, bread is an essential part of every Greek meal, including breakfast. You’ll likely find a variety of bread and pastries on the breakfast table, such as koulouri, a sesame-coated bread, and tiropita, which is a delicious pastry filled with feta cheese.


2. Dairy products

Greek yogurt is a staple of the Greek diet and is often served at breakfast with a drizzle of honey and some nuts or fresh fruit. Other dairy products you may find at a Greek breakfast table include feta cheese, which can be eaten plain or added to pastries or bread, and bougatsa, a creamy custard-filled pastry.

greek yogurt

3. Eggs

Another common breakfast food in Greece is eggs, which can be served scrambled, poached, or fried. Omelets are also popular and can be filled with various ingredients like cheese, vegetables, or ham.

greek eggs

4. Regional specialties

Depending on where you are in Greece, you may encounter some unique dishes that are particular to that region. For example, in Crete, traditional breakfast foods include dakos, a crunchy rusk topped with tomatoes, feta cheese, and olive oil, or kaltsounia, a small pastry filled with cheese, herbs, and sometimes meat.


5. Spreads and dips

Greek breakfast would not be complete without something to spread on your bread or pastries. Marmalade, honey, and tahini are popular choices, as is taramasalata, a salty, fish roe dip that can be spread on bread or used as a dip for vegetables.


6. Cold cuts and cheese

Greeks love their cheese, and breakfast is no exception. You’ll find a selection of different cheeses on most breakfast tables, including feta, kefalotyri, graviera, and anthotyro. Cold cuts like ham and salami are also common.

greek cheese and meat

7. Fresh fruits and nuts

To balance out all of the savory foods, it’s common to also find a variety of fresh fruits and nuts on the breakfast table. Seasonal fruits like figs, oranges, and grapes are popular choices, as are nuts like walnuts and almonds.

greek fruits and nuts

8. Beverages

Coffee is a staple of Greek breakfast and is usually served either as Greek coffee or frappé, a cold, frothy coffee drink. Tea, herbal infusions, and freshly squeezed orange juice are also common options.

greek coffee

9. Desserts

Yes, even breakfast in Greece can include dessert! Some popular sweet treats that you might find at a Greek breakfast include loukoumades, small fried doughnuts soaked in honey syrup, or revani, a semolina cake soaked in syrup.


10. Over the weekend

It’s worth mentioning that many Greeks reserve their more elaborate breakfast spreads for the weekend when they have more time to enjoy it. During the week, a typical Greek breakfast may consist of just a quick coffee and a pastry on the go.

In conclusion, a traditional Greek breakfast is a delicious combination of savory and sweet, with no shortage of flavorful dishes to choose from. Whether you’re a fan of bread and pastries, cheese and cold cuts, or something sweet, there’s something for everyone in a Greek breakfast spread.

The Elements of a Traditional Greek Breakfast

Greek yogurt

Greek breakfast is a delicious and colorful affair featuring a diverse array of flavors, textures, and aromas. It is a reflection of the land, history, and culture of the Greek people, as well as its unique geography and climate.

Here are the main elements of a traditional Greek breakfast:

1. Greek Yogurt

Bowl of Greek yogurt

Greek yogurt, or “yiaourti” as it’s called in Greek, is one of the most popular breakfast items in Greece. It is thicker, creamier, and tangier than regular yogurt, thanks to its unique straining method that removes the whey and leaves the yogurt with a higher protein content.

Greek yogurt is usually enjoyed plain or with a drizzle of honey and a sprinkle of nuts or fruit. It can also be used as a base for dips, sauces, and dressings.

2. Fresh Fruit

Plate of fresh fruit

Fresh fruits are a staple of the Greek breakfast table, especially during the summer months when the local produce is at its peak. Popular fruits include oranges, grapefruits, kiwis, melons, figs, and pomegranates.

Fruit is usually served whole or sliced, depending on the type, and is accompanied by a dollop of yogurt or a drizzle of honey. It is a refreshing and nutritious way to start the day, providing a good dose of vitamins, antioxidants, and fiber.

3. Bread

Basket of bread

Bread, or “psomi” in Greek, is a staple of the Greek diet and a must-have at breakfast. There are various types of bread in Greece, ranging from crusty loaves to soft rolls, all made with high-quality flour, olive oil, and often with herbs or seeds.

Bread is usually served with butter, honey, or marmalade, and can also be used to mop up sauces or dips. It is a hearty and satisfying addition to a Greek breakfast, providing a good source of carbohydrates and nutrients.

4. Cheese

Assortment of Greek cheeses

Cheese, or “tyri” in Greek, is a beloved food in Greece and a common ingredient in many dishes, including breakfast. There are countless varieties of Greek cheese, each with its own texture, flavor, and aroma.

Some popular cheeses for breakfast include feta, a salty and tangy cheese made from sheep’s or goat’s milk, graviera, a nutty and versatile cheese used for grilling or frying, and kasseri, a mild and smooth cheese ideal for melting.

Cheese is usually served with bread or as part of a cheese platter alongside olives, nuts, and dried fruits. It is a rich and flavorful addition to a Greek breakfast, providing a good source of protein, calcium, and other nutrients.

5. Olives

Olives on wooden table

Olives, or “elia” in Greek, are a classic Greek food that can be found everywhere, from the local grocers to the fanciest restaurants. They are commonly served as a snack or a side dish, but are also an integral part of many dishes, including breakfast.

Greek olives come in various colors, shapes, and sizes, each with its distinctive flavor profile. Some of the most common types of olives in Greece are Kalamata, Chalkidiki, and Amfissa.

Olives are usually served alongside cheese, bread, or dips, and provide a good source of healthy fats, antioxidants, and other nutrients.

6. Honey

Honey jar

Honey, or “meli” in Greek, is a natural sweetener that has been used by Greeks since ancient times. It is made from the nectar of various types of flowers and is highly prized for its taste, aroma, and health benefits.

Honey is a common condiment for Greek yogurt, but it can also be used to sweeten bread, tea, or other breakfast items. Some types of honey, such as thyme or pine honey, have a unique and intense flavor that is highly sought after.

Honey is a rich source of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, and has been associated with numerous health benefits, including wound healing, anti-inflammatory effects, and improved digestion.

7. Eggs

Plate of eggs

Eggs, or “avga” in Greek, are a versatile and nutritious food that can be prepared in many ways. They are a common ingredient in many Greek breakfast dishes, including omelets, scrambled eggs, and boiled eggs.

Eggs are usually served with bread, cheese, and herbs, and can also be used to make a filling and protein-packed sandwich. They are a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, and are famous for their nutritional value and nutritional density.

8. Coffee

Cup of coffee

Coffee, or “kafeneio” in Greek, is an integral part of the Greek breakfast ritual. Greeks take their coffee seriously, and there are several ways to enjoy this ancient beverage, ranging from strong and black to sweet and creamy.

The most popular type of coffee in Greece is “ellinikos kafes” or Greek coffee, which is strong and rich, made by boiling finely ground coffee beans with water and sugar in a special pot called “briki.” It is usually served in small cups and accompanied by a glass of water.

Coffee is a great way to kick-start your day, providing a good dose of caffeine and antioxidants, and is often enjoyed with friends or family in a leisurely and social way.

9. Pastries

Assortment of Greek pastries

Pastries, or “glyka” in Greek, are a hallmark of the Greek cuisine, and breakfast is no exception. Greek pastries are famous for their flaky, buttery crusts, and rich sweet fillings, made with honey, nuts, fruit, or cheese.

Some popular Greek breakfast pastries include “tyropita” or cheese pie, “spanakopita” or spinach pie, “bougatsa” or custard-filled phyllo pastry, and “koulouri” or sesame-seed pastry ring.

Pastries are usually served with coffee or tea as a sweet and indulgent treat, providing a good source of energy and satisfaction.

10. Herbal Tea

Herbal tea in cup

Herbal teas, or “tsai” in Greek, are a popular beverage in Greece, especially during the winter months when the weather is cold and wet. Greek herbal teas are made from a variety of plants, including mint, chamomile, sage, and lemon balm.

Herbal teas are usually served as a complement to breakfast or as a soothing and comforting drink before bedtime. They are a great way to unwind and relax, providing a good source of antioxidants and other healthful compounds.

In conclusion, a traditional Greek breakfast is a delicious and wholesome affair that embodies the essence of the Greek culture and cuisine. It is a diverse and colorful spread of foods that reflects the geographic, cultural, and historical diversity of Greece. Whether you’re a foodie or a health enthusiast, there’s something for everyone to enjoy in a Greek breakfast.

Popular Greek Breakfast Dishes

Greek cuisine is known for its use of fresh and healthy ingredients, and its breakfast dishes are no exception. Here are some of the most popular Greek breakfast dishes:

1. Greek Yogurt with Honey and Walnuts

Greek yogurt is a superstar ingredient in Greek cuisine, and it makes a delicious and healthy breakfast. Greek yogurt is thicker and creamier than regular yogurt, and it has a distinct tangy flavor. To make this dish, simply top a bowl of Greek yogurt with honey and walnuts. The honey adds sweetness and the walnuts add a crunch. This dish is high in protein and healthy fats, making it a great start to your day.

2. Spanakopita

Spanakopita is a savory Greek pastry made with spinach and feta cheese. It’s typically made in a pie or triangle shape and is crispy on the outside and soft and chewy on the inside. This dish is filled with protein, vitamins, and minerals, making it a healthy and filling breakfast option.

3. Greek Omelet

A Greek omelet is similar to a regular omelet, but it’s stuffed with Greek ingredients like feta cheese, olives, tomatoes, and spinach. This dish is high in protein and other important nutrients and is a great way to start your day.

4. Greek Coffee

Greek coffee is a strong, rich coffee that’s typically served in a small cup. It’s made by boiling finely ground coffee beans and water together and then serving it unfiltered. This coffee is strong and delicious and is the perfect way to kickstart your day.

5. Greek Salad

A Greek salad might not seem like a typical breakfast food, but it’s actually a great way to start your day. It’s made with fresh vegetables like cucumbers, tomatoes, and onions, and it’s topped with feta cheese and a drizzle of olive oil. This dish is high in vitamins and minerals, and it’s a great way to get your daily dose of veggies.

Dish Ingredients
Greek Yogurt with Honey and Walnuts Greek yogurt, honey, walnuts
Spanakopita Spinach, feta cheese, phyllo dough
Greek Omelet Eggs, feta cheese, olives, tomatoes, spinach
Greek Coffee Finely ground coffee beans, water
Greek Salad Cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, feta cheese, olive oil

Learn about the delicious and traditional Greek breakfast options with Greek Boston’s article on the topic.

Experience the Mediterranean breakfast

Thank you for taking the time to read about Greek breakfast. Now that you know what it is, why not try making it for yourself? You can find all the ingredients at your nearest Mediterranean grocery store. Alternatively, we recommend visiting a Greek restaurant and ordering a traditional breakfast. Who knows, you might just start your day a little differently from now on. Don’t hesitate to come back for more interesting reads like this. Have a great day!

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